C Programming Tutorial

 
 
 
 
#include <stdio.h>
#include <conio.h>
#include <alloc.h>

#define MAX1 3
#define MAX2 3

struct sparse
{
    int *sp ;
    int row ;
} ;

void initsparse ( struct sparse * ) ;
void create_array ( struct sparse * ) ;
void display ( struct sparse ) ;
int count ( struct sparse ) ;
void create_tuple ( struct sparse *, struct sparse ) ;
void display_tuple ( struct sparse ) ;
void delsparse ( struct sparse * ) ;

void main( )
{
    struct sparse s1, s2 ;
    int c ;

    clrscr( );

    initsparse ( &s1 ) ;
    initsparse ( &s2 ) ;

    create_array ( &s1 ) ;
    printf ( \"\\nElements in Sparse Matrix: \" ) ;
    display ( s1 ) ;

    c = count ( s1 ) ;
    printf ( \"\\n\\nNumber of non-zero elements: %d\", c ) ;

    create_tuple ( &s2, s1 ) ;
    printf ( \"\\n\\nArray of non-zero elements: \" ) ;
    display_tuple ( s2 ) ;

    delsparse ( &s1 ) ;
    delsparse ( &s2 ) ;

    getch( ) ;
}

/* initialises element of structure */
void initsparse ( struct sparse *p )
{
    p -> sp = NULL ;
}

/* dynamically creates the matrix of size MAX1 x MAX2 */
void create_array ( struct sparse *p )
{
    int n, i ;

    p -> sp = ( int * ) malloc ( MAX1 * MAX2 * sizeof ( int ) ) ;

    for ( i = 0 ; i < MAX1 * MAX2 ; i++ )
    {
            printf ( \"Enter element no. %d: \", i ) ;
            scanf ( \"%d\", &n ) ;
            * ( p -> sp + i ) = n ;
    }
}

/* displays the contents of the matrix */
void display ( struct sparse p )
{
    int i ;

    /* traverses the entire matrix */
    for ( i = 0 ; i < MAX1 * MAX2 ; i++ )
    {
        /* positions the cursor to the new line for every new row */
        if ( i % MAX2 == 0 )
            printf ( \"\\n\" ) ;
        printf ( \"%d\\t\", * ( p.sp + i ) ) ;
    }
}

/* counts the number of non-zero elements */
int count ( struct sparse p )
{
    int cnt = 0, i ;

    for ( i = 0 ; i < MAX1 * MAX2 ; i++ )
    {
        if ( * ( p.sp + i ) != 0 )
            cnt++ ;
    }
    return cnt ;
}

/* creates an array that stores information about non-zero elements */
void create_tuple ( struct sparse *p, struct sparse s )
{
    int r = 0 , c = -1, l = -1, i ;

    p -> row = count ( s ) + 1 ;

    p -> sp = ( int * ) malloc ( p -> row * 3 * sizeof ( int ) ) ;
    * ( p -> sp + 0 ) = MAX1 ;
    * ( p -> sp + 1 ) = MAX2 ;
    * ( p -> sp + 2 ) = p -> row - 1 ;

    l = 2 ;

    for ( i = 0 ; i < MAX1 * MAX2 ; i++ )
    {
        c++ ;

        /* sets the row and column values */
        if ( ( ( i % MAX2 ) == 0 ) && ( i != 0 ) )
        {
            r++ ;
            c = 0 ;
        }

        /* checks for non-zero element
           row, column and non-zero element value
           is assigned to the matrix */
        if ( * ( s.sp + i ) != 0 )
        {
            l++ ;
            * ( p -> sp + l ) = r ;
            l++ ;
            * ( p -> sp + l ) = c ;
            l++ ;
            * ( p -> sp + l ) = * ( s.sp + i ) ;
        }
    }
}

/* displays the contents of 3-tuple */
void display_tuple ( struct sparse p )
{
    int i ;

    for ( i = 0 ; i < p.row * 3 ; i++ )
    {
        if ( i % 3 == 0 )
            printf ( \"\\n\" ) ;
        printf ( \"%d\\t\", * ( p.sp + i ) ) ;
    }
}

/* deallocates memory */
void delsparse ( struct sparse *p )
{
    free ( p -> sp ) ;
}

 
 
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