Assembly Language Tutorial

 
 
 

Instructions

Input - Output Instructions

Display a character Read a character and display it on new line Display string Read digit, compute and display sum w/o variable Read digit, display difference w/o variable Read digit, compute, display sum using variable Read digit, display difference using variable Convert lower case letter in to upper case Read character, display in new line - user prompt Read 1st, middle, last initial - down left margin Read one hex digit, display next line in decimal Display 10*10 solid box asterisk - INT 21H and 9H Read 3 char show in middle of 11*11 box, beep comp

Flow Control Instructions

Print ASCII characters Print counting from 0 to 9 Print upper case letters from A to Z Print lower case letters from a to z in reverse Read letter print if it is \'?\' - simulation of if Read char print smallest - simulation of if-else Positive, negative num- simulation of switch-case Print upper case char - simulation of if-else then Simulation of if-else then structure Print ASCII characters - for loop simulation Print upper case A to Z - while loop simulation Print upper case A to Z - Do while loop simulation Read letters display in next line in alpha order Display digit in next line if fail prompt message Read hex digit display on next line in decimal Display capital letter in string alphabetically Show longest sequence consecutive alphabetically

Logic - Shift - Rotate Instructions

Convert upper to lower case - OR logic instruction Convert lower to upper - AND logic instruction Display even or odd number - TEST instruction Multiply content of AL by 8 - SHL instruction Divide content of AL by 4 - SHR instruction Store binary- BX,count bit value 1 w/o changing BX Read binary num, reverse its bit pattern Read binary number store in BX and display Read char- show ASCII in binary- 1 bit in ASC code Read char print ASCII in HEX till- carriage return Read HEX number and print in binary next line Read binary number and print in HEX next line Read 2 binary number and print its sum in binary Read 2 unsigned HEX num and print their sum Read string of decimal digit print sum in HEX Read str of char ter by CR show reverse order Read character using procedure goto next line Binary form & reverse bit of num - procedures Product by ADD, SHIFT instruction - procedure Display text with letters in each word reversed Validate expression READ store bin num in AX, RANDOM, WRITE

Multiplication - Division Instructions

Print factorial in binary form - MUL instruction Print num decimal form - DIV, OUTDEC proc Print factorial in decimal form - MUL, DIV instru Print num next line - proc for DECIMAL i/o Proc INDEC and OUTDEC, handle BackSpace key Proc INDEC and OUTDEC - files - INCLUDE instru Print factorial in dec form - MUL, DIV instruction Proc INDEC, OUTDEC - Handle OverFlow Read time in seconds display time HH:MM:SS Express - quarter, dime, nickel, pennie Read fraction form M/N print N decimal place GCD of two integers M and N

Arrays - Addressing Modes

Sum of array - sum in AX - Register Indirect Mode Initialize array with 0 using DUP instruction Enter an array of size 10 and display it Declare, initialize, print 2D array of size 5x5 Enter 2D array of 5x5 in row major order, print Print 3rd R x 4th C using Register Indirect Mode Display reversing array contents using STACK Reverse content of array - Register Indirect Mode Sort array using Bubble Sort method Sort an array using Select Sort method Print 2D array of size 4x5 in row major order Print 2D array of size 4x5 in column major order 2D arr clear 3rd row 4th column - Based Index Mode Compute class average on each exam Print name each student, average of 4 exams Insert single characters into array - it is sorted

String Instructions

Copy string into another using MOVSB, REP Read string, stores in variable using STOSB Display string using instruction LODSB Store display str - proc READ_STR, DISP_STR Count no of vowels constants - SCASB, REPNE

General Programs

Get and display the current system time
 
 
 .MODEL SMALL
 .STACK 100H

 .DATA
    PROMPT_1  DB  \'The contents of the array before sorting : $\'
    PROMPT_2  DB  0DH,0AH,\'The contents of the array after sorting : $\'

    ARRAY   DB  5,3,9,0,2,6,1,7,8,4   

 .CODE
   MAIN PROC
     MOV AX, @DATA                ; initialize DS
     MOV DS, AX

     MOV BX, 10                   ; set BX=10

     LEA DX, PROMPT_1             ; load and display the string PROMPT_1
     MOV AH, 9
     INT 21H

     LEA SI, ARRAY                ; set SI=offset address of ARRAY

     CALL PRINT_ARRAY             ; call the procedure PRINT_ARRAY

     LEA SI, ARRAY                ; set SI=offset address of the ARRAY

     CALL SELECT_SORT             ; call the procedure SELECT_SORT

     LEA DX, PROMPT_2             ; load and display the string PROMPT_2
     MOV AH, 9
     INT 21H

     LEA SI, ARRAY                ; set SI=offset address of ARRAY

     CALL PRINT_ARRAY             ; call the procedure PRINT_ARRAY

     MOV AH, 4CH                  ; return control to DOS
     INT 21H
   MAIN ENDP



 ;-------------------------  Procedure Definitions  ------------------------;




 ;-----------------------------  PRINT_ARRAY  ------------------------------;


 PRINT_ARRAY PROC
   ; this procedure will print the elements of a given array
   ; input : SI=offset address of the array
   ;       : BX=size of the array
   ; output : none

   PUSH AX                        ; push AX onto the STACK   
   PUSH CX                        ; push CX onto the STACK
   PUSH DX                        ; push DX onto the STACK

   MOV CX, BX                     ; set CX=BX

   @PRINT_ARRAY:                  ; loop label
     XOR AH, AH                   ; clear AH
     MOV AL, [SI]                 ; set AL=[SI]

     CALL OUTDEC                  ; call the procedure OUTDEC

     MOV AH, 2                    ; set output function
     MOV DL, 20H                  ; set DL=20H
     INT 21H                      ; print a character

     INC SI                       ; set SI=SI+1
   LOOP @PRINT_ARRAY              ; jump to label @PRINT_ARRAY while CX!=0

   POP DX                         ; pop a value from STACK into DX
   POP CX                         ; pop a value from STACK into CX
   POP AX                         ; pop a value from STACK into AX

   RET                            ; return control to the calling procedure
 PRINT_ARRAY ENDP


 ;----------------------------  SELECT_SORT  -------------------------------;


 SELECT_SORT PROC
   ; this procedure will sort the array in ascending order
   ; input : SI=offset address of the array
   ;       : BX=array size
   ; output :none

   PUSH AX                        ; push AX onto the STACK  
   PUSH BX                        ; push BX onto the STACK
   PUSH CX                        ; push CX onto the STACK
   PUSH DX                        ; push DX onto the STACK
   PUSH DI                        ; push DI onto the STACK

   CMP BX, 1                      ; compare BX with 1
   JLE @SKIP_SORTING              ; jump to label @SKIP_SORTING if BX<=1

   DEC BX                         ; set BX=BX-1
   MOV CX, BX                     ; set CX=BX
   MOV AX, SI                     ; set AX=SI

   @OUTER_LOOP:                   ; loop label
     MOV BX, CX                   ; set BX=CX
     MOV SI, AX                   ; set SI=AX
     MOV DI, AX                   ; set DI=AX
     MOV DL, [DI]                 ; set DL=[DI]

     @INNER_LOOP:                 ; loop label
       INC SI                     ; set SI=SI+1

       CMP [SI], DL               ; compare [SI] with DL
       JNG @SKIP                  ; jump to label @SKIP if [SI]<=DL

       MOV DI, SI                 ; set DI=SI
       MOV DL, [DI]               ; set DL=[DI]

       @SKIP:                     ; jump label

       DEC BX                     ; set BX=BX-1
     JNZ @INNER_LOOP              ; jump to label @INNER_LOOP if BX!=0

     MOV DL, [SI]                 ; set DL=[SI]
     XCHG DL, [DI]                ; set DL=[DI] , [DI]=DL
     MOV [SI], DL                 ; set [SI]=DL

   LOOP @OUTER_LOOP               ; jump to label @OUTER_LOOP while CX!=0

   @SKIP_SORTING:                 ; jump label

   POP DI                         ; pop a value from STACK into DI
   POP DX                         ; pop a value from STACK into DX
   POP CX                         ; pop a value from STACK into CX
   POP BX                         ; pop a value from STACK into BX
   POP AX                         ; pop a value from STACK into AX

   RET                            ; return control to the calling procedure
 SELECT_SORT ENDP


 ;--------------------------------  OUTDEC  --------------------------------;


 OUTDEC PROC
   ; this procedure will display a decimal number
   ; input : AX
   ; output : none

   PUSH BX                        ; push BX onto the STACK
   PUSH CX                        ; push CX onto the STACK
   PUSH DX                        ; push DX onto the STACK

   XOR CX, CX                     ; clear CX
   MOV BX, 10                     ; set BX=10

   @OUTPUT:                       ; loop label
     XOR DX, DX                   ; clear DX
     DIV BX                       ; divide AX by BX
     PUSH DX                      ; push DX onto the STACK
     INC CX                       ; increment CX
     OR AX, AX                    ; take OR of Ax with AX
   JNE @OUTPUT                    ; jump to label @OUTPUT if ZF=0

   MOV AH, 2                      ; set output function

   @DISPLAY:                      ; loop label
     POP DX                       ; pop a value from STACK to DX
     OR DL, 30H                   ; convert decimal to ascii code
     INT 21H                      ; print a character
   LOOP @DISPLAY                  ; jump to label @DISPLAY if CX!=0

   POP DX                         ; pop a value from STACK into DX
   POP CX                         ; pop a value from STACK into CX
   POP BX                         ; pop a value from STACK into BX

   RET                            ; return control to the calling procedure
 OUTDEC ENDP





 END MAIN

    Related Post:
  1. Program to set the cursor on row-3 and column-19

  2. PREPARE TWO VARIABLES MSG1 HAVING HELLO & MSG2 HAVING WORLD & DISPLAY THESE STRINGS LIKE HELLO $ WORLD

  3. Program to Print the Fibonacci series

  4. Program that prompts the user to enter two unsigned hex numbers, 0 to FFFF, and print their sum on the next line. If the user enters an illegal....

  5. Program to find the reverse of a string

  6. Program that find the greatest common divisor (GCD) of two integers M and N

  7. Program that declares and initializes a 2D array of size 4x5 in row major order, and print it.

  8. Program to find the first and last character of a string and print it on the screen

  9. Program to swap the cases of a given String

  10. Program that declares and initialize a 2D array in row major order, and print the contents of the 3rd row and 4th column using Register Indirect mode

  11. TO CONVERT A STRING INTO UPPER CASE TO LOWERCASE

  12. Program to Print Alphabets from A TO Z in both the Case

  13. Program to determine the HCF of N 1 byte numbers

  14. TO CONVERT A STRING INTO UPPER CASE TO LOWERCASE

  15. Program to get the message and print the same when enter key is pressed

  16. PROGRAM TO COMPARE TWO STRINGS WITH AND WITHOUT USING CMPSB INSTRUCTION USING MACRO

  17. Program to declare a byte_table and then add each byte to get the final sum(Hint: Use Indirect Addressing)

  18. Program that reads a character and prints it only if it is ? ( Simulation of If structure ).

  19. PROGRAM TO FIND THE REVERSE OF A STRING USING MACRO

  20. Program that prompts the user to enter a string, stores ; it and display it using procedures READ_STR and DISP_STR.....

 
 
Didn't find what you were looking for? Find more on Program to perform selection sort